On-line SPICE-SPIN+X Seminars

On-line Seminar: 15.03.2023 - 15:00 German Time

Hidden magnetoelectric order

Nicola Spaldin, ETH Zurich

Most magnetic materials, phenomena and devices are well described in terms of magnetic dipoles of either spin or orbital origin. There is mounting evidence, however, that the existence and ordering of higher-order magnetic multipoles can lead to intriguing magnetic behaviors, which are often attributed to "hidden order" since they are difficult to characterize with conventional probes. In this talk I will discuss the relevance of the so-called magnetoelectric multipoles, which form the next-order term, after the magnetic dipole, in the multipolar expansion of the energy of a magnetization energy in a magnetic field. First I will describe how magnetoelectric multipoles underlie multiferroic behavior and in particular how they determine the magnetic response to applied electric fields. Then I will discuss signatures of hidden magnetoelectric multipolar order, how it can be unearthed using density functional calculations and possibilities for its direct measurement. Finally, I will show that the bulk magnetoelectric multipolization manifests at surfaces as a magnetization, and explore an analogy with the bulk electric polarization and its associated surface charge.

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PDF file of the talk available here