On-line SPICE-SPIN+X Seminars

On-line Seminar: 01.03.2023 - 15:00 German Time

Coherent manipulation of spins in diamond via spin-wave mixing

Toeno van der Sar, TU Delft

Coherent manipulation of spins in diamond via spin-wave mixing Magnetic imaging based on nitrogen-vacancy (NV) spins in diamond enables probing condensed matter systems with nanoscale resolution[1]. In this talk I will introduce NV magnetometry as a tool for imaging spin waves – the wave-like spin excitations of magnetic materials. Using the NV sensitivity to microwave magnetic fields, we can map coherent spin waves[2] and incoherent magnon gases[3] and provide insight into their interaction and damping[4]. By using a single NV in a scanning diamond tip we gain access to spin-wave scattering at the nanoscale[5]. I will highlight how we can use spin-wave mixing to generate frequency combs that enable high-fidelity, coherent control of the NV spins even when the applied microwave drive fields are far detuned from the NV spin resonance frequency 6 (Fig. 1). These results form a basis for developing NV magnetometry into a tool for characterizing spin-wave devices and expand the control and sensing capabilities of NV spins.

[1] Casola, F., Van Der Sar, T. & Yacoby, A. Probing condensed matter physics with magnetometry based on nitrogen-vacancy centres in diamond. Nat. Rev. Mater. 3, 17088 (2018).
[2] Bertelli, I. et al. Magnetic resonance imaging of spin-wave transport and interference in a magnetic insulator. Sci. Adv. 6, eabd3556 (2020).
[3] Simon, B. G. et al. Directional Excitation of a High-Density Magnon Gas Using Coherently Driven Spin Waves. Nano Lett. 21, 8213–8219 (2021).
[4] Bertelli, I. et al. Imaging Spin‐Wave Damping Underneath Metals Using Electron Spins in Diamond. Adv. Quantum Technol. 4, 2100094 (2021).
[5] Simon, B. G. et al. Filtering and imaging of frequency-degenerate spin waves using nanopositioning of a single-spin sensor. Nano Lett. 22, 9198 (2022).
[6] Carmiggelt, J. J. et al. Broadband microwave detection using electron spins in a hybrid diamondmagnet sensor chip. Nat. Commun. 14, 490 (2022)


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