On-line SPICE-SPIN+X Seminars

On-line Seminar: 25.01.2023 - 15:00 German Time

Developments in ultrafast electron microscopy

Claus Ropers, MPI for Biophysical Chemistry and University of Göttingen

Providing the most detailed views of atomic-scale structure and composition, Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) serves as an indispensable tool for structural biology and materials science. The combination of electron microscopy with pulsed electrical or optical stimuli allows for the study of transient phenomena, involving magnetization dynamics, strain evolution and structural phase transformations. Ultrafast transmission electron microscopy (UTEM) is a pump-probe technique, in which non-equilibrium processes can be tracked with simultaneous femtosecond temporal and nanometer to atomic-scale spatial resolutions.
This talk will cover recent methodical developments and applications in UTEM based on laser-triggered field emitters, including real-space imaging [1] and ultrafast nanobeam diffraction [2] of a structural phase transition. Moreover, the mechanisms involved in free-electron beams interacting with optical fields at photonic structures will be discussed, emphasizing quantum effects. In particular, recent progress in the coupling of electron beams to whispering gallery modes [3] and integrated photonic resonators [4] will be presented. Finally, using event-based electron spectroscopy, electron-energy loss measured in coincidence with cathodoluminescence is used to demonstrate the preparation and characterization of electron-photon pair states [5].

[1] "Ultrafast nanoimaging of the order parameter in a structural phase transition”, T. Danz, T. Domröse, C. Ropers, Science 371, 6527 (2022)
[2] "Light-induced hexatic state in a layered quantum material", T. Domröse et al., arXiv:2207.05571(2022)
[3] "Controlling free electrons with optical whispering-gallery modes", O. Kfir et al., Nature 582, 46 (2020)
[4] "Integrated photonics enables continuous-beam electron phase modulation", J.-W. Henke et al., Nature 600, 653 (2021)
[5] A. Feist et al., “Cavity-mediated electron-photon pairs”, Science 377, 777 (2022)

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PDF file of the talk available here