On-line SPICE-SPIN+X Seminars

On-line Seminar: 13.10.2021 - 15:00 German Time

Magnetic skyrmion strings: how they bend, twist and vibrate

Markus Garst, KIT

Magnetic skyrmions are smooth topological textures of the magnetization that are localized within a two-dimensional plane. In bulk materials, they extend in the third direction forming an effective string. Such skyrmion strings either arise as excitations or they condense and form a crystal.
These strings can be dynamically excited resulting in various vibrational modes. We provide an overview of the dynamics of skrymion strings [1], that can be found in chiral magnets, and we compare theoretical predictions with magnetic resonance spectroscopy [2], spin-wave spectroscopy [3] and inelastic neutron scattering. At high energies, the spin-wave dynamics is governed by an emergent orbital magnetic field that is directly linked to the topological density of the skyrmions. As a result, magnon Landau levels emerge in skyrmion crystals. At low-energies the dynamics is determined by an effective elasticity theory of the strings. We focus, in particular, on the low-energy theory of a single string and demonstrate that it supports non-linear solitary waves [4] similar to vortex filaments in fluids. Finally, we discuss the influence of spin-transfer torques. Whereas it is well-known that a spin current flowing perpendicular to the string results in a skyrmion string motion, we demonstrate that a longitudinal current destabilizes the string.

[1] M. Garst, J. Waizner, and D. Grundler, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 50, 293002 (2017).
[2] T. Schwarze et al., Nat. Mater. 14, 478 (2015).
[3] S. Seki et al., Nat. Commun. 11, 256 (2020).
[4] V. P. Kravchuk et al., Phys. Rev. B 102, 220408(R) (2020).

Please sign up here in order to get the Zoom link and regular announcements of the upcoming talks.

PDF file of the talk available here