On-line SPICE-SPIN+X Seminars

On-line Seminar: 16.06.2021 - 15:00 German Time

Electrical Generation of Spin Currents

Andrew Kent, New York University

Spin currents in magnetic random access memory (MRAM) devices being developed by the semiconductor industry are generated by passing an electrical current perpendicular to layers that form a magnetic tunnel junction [1]. However, it is now widely appreciated that current flow in the plane of a layer can generate significant spin currents through spin-orbit coupling, as first reported in heavy non-magnetic metal layers (e.g. Pt, Ta & W). In this case, however, the spin polarization is generally confined to the plane of the layers. An important research goal is to create a spin current with an arbitrary polarization, including one with a significant out-of-plane spin polarization to enable efficient switching and displacement of domain walls in perpendicularly magnetized layers. In this talk we discuss spin-orbit induced charge-to-spin conversion in various materials and nanostructures [2] and with magnetic materials. Specifically, we will report our observation of spin torques with a planar Hall effect symmetry from CoNi, with a spin polarization in the magnetization direction of the layer [3]. We found the strength of this effect to be comparable to that of the spin Hall effect in Pt, indicating that the planar Hall effect in ferromagnetic metals holds great promise as a spin current source with a controllable spin polarization direction.

[1] A. D. Kent and D. C. Worledge, Nature Nanotechnology 10, 187 (2015)
[2] J-W. Xu and A. D. Kent, Physical Review Applied 14, 014012 (2020)
[3] C. Safranski, J. Z. Sun, J-W., Xu and A. D. Kent, Physical Review Letters 124, 197204 (2020)

PDF file of the talk available here